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  • Writer's pictureDr Dagbue

The Parable of the Loving Father: Insights on Forgiveness and Compassion


Picture of a father holding a son with the background of the setting sun behind them. with the caption: the parable of the loving father explained.

Forgiveness and compassion are essential virtues in Christianity, central to nurturing healthy relationships and spiritual well-being. One of the most profound illustrations of forgiveness and compassion is found in the Parable of the Loving Father, also known as the Parable of the Prodigal Son. This parable, told by Jesus, reveals deep truths about God's character and offers practical insights for our daily lives. In this episode of the Health for the Spirit, Soul, and Body Blog from Doxa Missions, we will look at this parable to uncover valuable lessons on forgiveness and compassion that can transform our lives.

The Parable of the Loving Father-forgiveness and compassion

The Parable of the Loving Father is a story that Jesus shared to teach about God's love, forgiveness, and compassion. It begins with a younger son asking his father for his share of the inheritance early. This request was not only bold but also culturally inappropriate, as it implied a wish for his father's death. Despite this, the father grants his son's request. The son takes the money, leaves home, and squanders his wealth in reckless living. He indulges in a lifestyle of excess and sin, far removed from his father's values.

When a severe famine hits the land, the younger son finds himself in dire need. He is reduced to working for a pig farmer, which for a Jewish man is a particularly degrading job, as pigs are considered unclean animals. Hungry and humiliated, he longs to eat the pods that the pigs are eating, but no one gives him anything. In this desperate state, he comes to his senses and decides to return to his father, hoping to be accepted back as a hired servant.

As the son approaches his home, his father sees him from a distance. Filled with compassion, the father runs to meet him, embraces him, and kisses him. The son begins to confess his sins, acknowledging his unworthiness, but the father interrupts him. Overjoyed at his return, the father orders his servants to bring the best robe, a ring, and sandals for his son, and to prepare a feast in celebration. "For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found," the father exclaims.

Meanwhile, the older son, who has remained at home and faithfully worked for his father, becomes angry when he hears the celebration. He feels overlooked and resentful, questioning his father's fairness. The father gently reminds him that everything he has belongs to him, but they must celebrate because his brother was lost and is now found.

Insights on Forgiveness

The father's forgiveness in the parable is unconditional. Despite the younger son's reckless behavior, disrespect, and squandering of his inheritance, the father forgives him wholeheartedly without any conditions or grudges. This act of forgiveness mirrors God's forgiveness towards us. No matter how far we stray or how grievously we sin, God's forgiveness is always available when we turn back to Him with a repentant heart.

This parable teaches us that forgiveness is not about the worthiness of the one being forgiven, but about the love and grace of the one who forgives. The father's immediate acceptance and restoration of his son illustrate that true forgiveness does not keep a record of wrongs (1 Corinthians 13:5). It is a powerful reminder of how God deals with our sins when we repent. Psalm 103:12 tells us, "As far as the east is from the west, so far has he removed our transgressions from us." God's forgiveness is complete and absolute.

In the Bible, numerous verses highlight the theme of forgiveness. Ephesians 4:32 encourages us to "be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you." This verse not only calls us to forgive but also shows us the standard of forgiveness we should aim for: the forgiveness that we have received through Christ. Similarly, 1 John 1:9 reassures us, "If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness." These verses remind us that forgiveness is a divine attribute that we are called to emulate.

Forgiveness is also essential for our own well-being. Holding onto anger and resentment can lead to bitterness, which harms us more than the person who wronged us. Jesus teaches in Matthew 6:14-15, "For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins." Forgiveness is not just a gift we give to others; it is a gift we give to ourselves, freeing us from the bondage of unforgiveness.

Insights on Compassion

The father's compassion in the parable is equally striking. He does not wait for his son to come crawling back in shame; instead, he runs to meet him, embraces him, and restores his dignity. This act of compassion mirrors God's boundless compassion for His children. God's love is not reserved for the perfect; it reaches out to the broken, the lost, and the repentant.

The father's willingness to embrace his son, despite his failures, shows us that compassion is understanding and sharing in the suffering of others. It is extending grace and mercy, even when it is undeserved. The father's actions are a powerful demonstration of how we are to love others. Jesus said in Luke 6:36, "Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful." Compassion involves a deep sense of empathy and a desire to alleviate the suffering of others.

The Bible is filled with verses that speak of God's compassion. Psalm 103:13 states, "As a father has compassion on his children, so the Lord has compassion on those who fear him." This verse beautifully illustrates the fatherly compassion God has for us. He understands our weaknesses and extends His love and mercy towards us. Similarly, Lamentations 3:22-23 reminds us, "Because of the Lord’s great love we are not consumed, for his compassions never fail. They are new every morning; great is your faithfulness." These verses help us understand that God's compassion is constant and renewing, providing us with hope and encouragement every day.

Compassion also involves action. James 2:15-17 challenges us with these words: "Suppose a brother or a sister is without clothes and daily food. If one of you says to them, 'Go in peace; keep warm and well fed,' but does nothing about their physical needs, what good is it? In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead." True compassion moves us to act, to meet the needs of others, and to share in their burdens.

Application in Daily Life

Applying forgiveness and compassion in our daily lives can be challenging but very rewarding. Here are some practical ways to incorporate these virtues:

  1. Practice Empathy: Try to understand others' perspectives and feelings, even when they hurt you. Empathy is the foundation of compassion. By putting ourselves in others' shoes, we can better appreciate their struggles and respond with kindness.

  2. Let Go of Grudges: Holding onto anger and resentment only harms you. Choose to forgive and release the burden. This can be a difficult process, especially when the wounds are deep. However, remembering that forgiveness is a choice and not a feeling can help. It is about deciding to let go of the offense and not allowing it to control you.

  3. Show Kindness: Small acts of kindness can go a long way in demonstrating compassion. A smile, a kind word, or a simple gesture can brighten someone's day and make them feel valued. Look for opportunities to be kind, even in small ways.

  4. Seek Reconciliation: If you have conflicts, take the initiative to reconcile, just as the father welcomed back his son. This may involve difficult conversations and a willingness to humble yourself. Remember that reconciliation is about restoring relationships and bringing healing.

  5. Reflect on God's Example: Regularly meditate on God's forgiveness and compassion towards you, and let it inspire your actions. Spend time in prayer and study of the Scriptures, asking God to help you develop a heart like His. Reflect on verses like Colossians 3:12-13, which says, "Therefore, as God’s chosen people, holy and dearly loved, clothe yourselves with compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience. Bear with each other and forgive one another if any of you has a grievance against someone. Forgive as the Lord forgave you."


The Parable of the Loving Father offers deep insights into forgiveness and compassion. It reminds us of God's unwavering love and challenges us to embody these virtues in our lives. As we go about our daily routines, let us strive to forgive those who wrong us and show compassion to those in need, reflecting the heart of our Heavenly Father.

Forgiveness and compassion are practical expressions of our faith that have the power to transform lives. By choosing to forgive and show compassion, we become channels of God's love and grace, making a positive impact on the world around us.

What are your thoughts on forgiveness and compassion? Have you experienced moments where these virtues made a difference in your life? Share your experiences in the comments below. Let's continue this conversation and support one another on our spiritual journey.


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