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  • Writer's pictureDr Dagbue

Beyond the Bunion: Hallux Valgus Explained

A picture of a pair of female feet with hallux Valgus .area of bunion highlighted in red

Welcome back to the Health for the Spirit, Soul, and Body Blog! Today, we're delving into the world of foot health, focusing on a condition known as Hallux Valgus. We aim to unpack this medical term, provide insights into its symptoms, causes, and treatments, and equip you with preventive tips. Let's embark on this journey to better foot health together!

What is Hallux Valgus

Hallux Valgus is a medical term referring to a foot deformity where the big toe deviates or turns outward away from the midline of the body, leading to a noticeable bump on the inside of the foot. In simpler terms, it's when the big toe starts pointing towards the smaller toes. This misalignment can cause discomfort, pain, and other complications if not addressed.

Other names for Hallux Valgus

This condition is commonly known as a 'bunion'. A bunion is the visible bump or protrusion that appears on the side of the foot due to the misalignment of the big toe joint.

Symptoms of Hallux Valgus

People with Hallux Valgus often report:

• A prominent, often reddened bump on the inside of their foot near the big toe.

• Pain or soreness around the big toe joint, particularly after wearing shoes or standing for prolonged periods.

• Swelling, inflammation (redness and swelling), and tenderness around the big toe joint.

• Restricted movement of the big toe or stiffness.

• Overlapping or crowding of the lesser toes.

Causes of Hallux Valgus

The development of Hallux Valgus can be influenced by several factors:

Foot structure and genetics: Inherited foot types might make some individuals more prone to develop bunions.

Improper footwear: Shoes with a narrow toe box or high heels can push the toes into an unnatural position, aggravating or even causing bunions.

Foot injuries: Trauma or injuries to the foot can sometimes result in bunions.

Arthritis: Conditions like rheumatoid arthritis can cause or exacerbate bunions due to joint damage.

Diagnosing Hallux Valgus

If you notice signs of Hallux Valgus, it's essential to see a healthcare provider, preferably an Orthopedic Surgeon (a doctor specialized muscle and bone disorders). They will perform a physical examination of your foot, assess the severity, and may order imaging tests, such as X-rays, to get a clear picture of the foot's alignment and the extent of the deformity.

Treatment Options for Hallux Valgus

Treatments are tailored based on the severity of the condition and individual needs. They can range from:

Non-surgical treatments: Using orthotic devices (custom-made shoe inserts) to correct foot alignment, wearing appropriate shoes with wide toe boxes, and over-the-counter pain medications.

Surgical treatments: For severe cases where non-surgical treatments aren't effective, surgery might be considered to correct the alignment of the big toe.

Preventive Measures

Here are some steps you can take to prevent or mitigate the effects of Hallux Valgus: • Choose shoes with a wide toe box and avoid high heels for extended periods. • Consider orthotic devices if you have a family history of bunions to maintain proper foot alignment. • Regularly exercise your feet to maintain joint mobility and strength. • Avoid standing for prolonged periods without breaks.


Hallux Valgus, or bunions, is a common foot condition that many people experience. By understanding its causes, symptoms, and treatments, you can take proactive steps to ensure your feet remain healthy and comfortable. If you suspect you have this condition, consult a healthcare provider. Your feet carry you every day; it's essential to take good care of them!

If you found this blog post beneficial, please share it with others. Stay healthy, and always prioritize your spirit, soul, and body!


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