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  • Writer's pictureDr Dagbue

Ingrown Toenail: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Picture of a great toe with ingrown toenail held by a gloved hand

Welcome back to the Health for the Spirit, Soul, and Body Blog! In today's post, we dive into a common foot problem many of us have experienced or heard of: the ingrown toenail. As always, our goal is to provide you with clear, informative insights to help you understand and navigate health challenges. Let’s jump right in!

What is Ingrown Toenail?

An ingrown toenail occurs when the edge of a toenail grows into the surrounding skin. This can lead to pain, redness, and sometimes even an infection. Instead of growing straight outwards, the nail curves down and digs into the skin, which can cause significant discomfort.

Other names for Ingrown Toenail

You might also hear this condition referred to as onychocryptosis or unguis incarnatus. While these terms sound complex, they all point to the same issue: a toenail that's growing into the skin instead of over it.

Symptoms of Ingrown Toenail

If you suspect you have an ingrown toenail, here are some common symptoms to look out for:

• Pain and tenderness in your toe along one or both sides of the nail.

• Redness around the toenail.

• Swelling of the toe area.

• In more severe cases, you might observe pus or even an infection of the tissue around the toenail.

Causes of Ingrown Toenail

Several factors can lead to an ingrown toenail:

Incorrectly trimmed nails: Cutting your toenails too short or not straight across can encourage the toenail to grow into the skin.

Tight-fitting shoes: Footwear that squeezes the toes can force the nail to grow in a curved pattern.

Foot injuries: Dropping something heavy on your foot or stubbing your toe can also cause an ingrown toenail.

Nail conditions: Fungal infections can cause thickened or widened nails, increasing the chances of an ingrown toenail.

Genetics: Some people have naturally curved toenails which can predispose them to this condition.

Diagnosing Ingrown Toenail

If you experience symptoms of an ingrown toenail, it's crucial to see a healthcare provider, preferably an Orthopedic Surgeon. They will examine your toe, check for signs of infection, and determine the best course of action. In certain cases, an X-ray might be used, especially if there’s concern about an infection spreading deeper into the foot.

Treatment Options for Ingrown Toenail

The treatment typically depends on the severity of the condition:

• For mild cases, soaking your foot in warm salt water and placing a piece of cotton under the nail might help guide the nail to grow over the skin.

• Over-the-counter pain relievers can help manage pain.

• In more severe or recurrent cases, a minor surgery might be required where a part or the entire toenail is removed. This procedure is called a partial or total nail avulsion.

• If there's an infection, your doctor might prescribe antibiotics to tackle it.

Preventive Measures

To prevent ingrown toenails:

• Trim your nails straight across and not too short.

• Wear shoes that fit properly and avoid high heels or tight shoes.

• Protect your feet from trauma by wearing appropriate footwear, especially when engaged in activities where foot injuries are more common.

• Maintain good foot hygiene, keeping your feet clean and dry.


Ingrown toenails, while common, can be a source of great discomfort. Understanding its causes, symptoms, and treatments is the first step towards ensuring the health of your feet. Remember, the earlier you address the issue, the easier it is to manage.

If you found this blog post beneficial, please comment below and share it with others. We love hearing from you, so don’t hesitate to share your experiences or ask questions. Stay healthy, and continue to care for your spirit, soul, and body!


Sep 22, 2023

Thank you very much Dr. Dagbue

Dr Dagbue
Dr Dagbue
Sep 29, 2023
Replying to

You’re welcome, God bless you

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